Docklands is an ongoing research, documenting the transition of former harbor areas in Amsterdam, New York and London.

Focusing on the high demand for living near the water the project tries to get a grip on shifting social demographics, waterfront development and similarities within these cities. 

Amsterdam, New York and Londen were once among great harbors, where many ships were built. This industrial labor required vast open spaces and created jobs and a community of dockworkers in nearby residences. After an era of globalization and growth, these docklands were relocated elsewhere and the areas fell into decay. 

The 1980's marked a transition starting point, when city councils started to re-appropriate these areas as potential housing projects for the high demands for living in the city. 

In the case of appropriating the city and finding new uses for the neglected warehouses and open undetermined spaces, other communities already found their residence here. It is these communities, the uncontrolled appropriation and use of urban space that the project is focusing on. 

The research and continuation of the project is tracked on this page. Working in different cities simultaneously will influence each chapter of the project during the process, and therefor the work is not yet final/definite. New elements and photographs will be added to this page to keep you informed. 

The work made in New York has taken shape into a newspaper-zine. You can order this zine online, and/or purchase a print of the work. The revenue is directly used for the continuation of the project, thank you for your support. In case you'd like to stay updated or have any questions please use the form below or send a direct email

The project is supported by AFK and Mondriaanfonds. 




The Amsterdam chapter will be exhibited this November in Amsterdam, with a publication-launch.
Sign up for an invite through the form above. 



Amsterdam saw its creative appeal and potential under threat during the end of the nineties due to master-plans to redevelop the city's waterfront. This resulted in a shrinkage of the amount of affordable space for social and creative entrepreneurs. My research started in Amsterdam, where former docklands still function as creative playgrounds for city dwellers whom have appropriated the unused open space and historical buildings. A concept of using and sharing space that is now heavily threatened due to real-estate project development and large scale growth. 

The project is looking at former docklands and the use of space by the communities that reside in these areas. Ownership of the city and the legacy of squatting for an added cultural value are being questioned, as well as the concept of temporary use. 



The NDSM was seen worldwide as a highly successful and progressive company in the shipping world. The NDSM was one of the largest and most modern shipbuilding yards in the world. But in the 1970s, the NDSM was in trouble due to the oil crisis, political games, competition: in 1984 she closed her doors.

Nowadays, the NDSM is home to artists and temporary users whom travel from city to city. It attracts a diversity, and the area was acclaimed one of the most popular in the world by the New York Times. 







The area of Red Hook is a small neighborhood in Brooklyn. The typical grid for the street plan results in a large amount of intersections. 


In New York, the project questions the function of public space within the residential area of Red Hook, also regarding the community of Red Hook (half of the roughly 10.000 residents live in subsidized housing Projects; Red Hook Houses).

streetcorner is the location which lies adjacent to an intersection of two roads. Such locations are important in terms of local planning and commerce, usually being the locations of street signs and lamp posts, as well as being a prime spot to locate a business due to visibility and accessibility from traffic going along either of the adjacent streets. 

Due to this visibility, street-corners are the choice location for activities ranging from panhandling to prostitution to protests to petition signature drives, hence the term "street-corner politics". This makes street-corners a good location to observe human activity, for purposes of learning what environmental structures best fit that activity. Sidewalks at street corners tend to be rounded, rather than coming to a point, for ease of traffic making turns at the intersection.

A street corner can serve as a social meeting place. Street corner life is normally founded in low-income areas all around the world in urbanized structures.


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